Maharashtra Police ready to implement 3 new criminal laws from today (2024)

The Maharashtra state police is all set to implement three new criminal laws; Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), Bhartiya Nagrik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), and Bharatiya Sakshya Act (BSA), from Monday July 1. The British era Indian Penal Code, 1860, Criminal Procedure Code and Evidence Act would no longer be in effect for cases registered after June 30.

The Maharashtra police headquarters have circulated a ‘Crime Information Booklet’ to assist police officers in the transition from the old statutes to new ones.

With this booklet, the state police has also issued detailed Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) to deal with offences against the human body, crimes against women and children, property offences, economic offences, organised crimes, terrorist acts and accidents.


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Urging policemen to use this booklet to ease their transition, DGP Rashmi Shukla in the welcome note of the 95 page booklet, said, “An excellent database of the system has been prepared in the form of this booklet. With the help of this, confusion regarding the sections and investigations while filing cases can be simply avoided.

Navi Mumbai police commissioner and senior IPS officer Milind Bharambe prepared this booklet, which has been circulated to all the district police, commissionerates, offices of IGs and DIGs on June 26.

Mumbai Police, too is gearing up to implement and function with the new Sanhitas (laws) from July 1st 2024.

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Commissioner of police, Vivek Phansalkar, said, “We have conducted a series of training sessions for our officers and personnel. So far, in more than 30 training sessions, close to 1,800 officers and 8,030 police personnel have undergone training and police stations are equipped to register and investigate crimes as per the new provisions of the BNSS and the BNS. Soft copies of comparative charts and notes of the old and new laws have been prepared and distributed to them for ready reference.”


The Indian Express visited various police stations in the city to understand how policemen plan to adopt this change in system. “We have been undergoing training in batches for the past three weeks, getting lectures on how to apply new laws and understanding the purpose behind these changes. There would definitely be certain challenges as the new laws significantly rely on technological investigations or use technology for accuracy and transparency,” said an inspector from the Bhoiwada police station.

Another officer said, “We have been asked to attend webinars as a mandatory task. Those who couldn’t attend these live sessions due to work, have access to recorded material.”
There are WhatsApp groups created where written documents and amendments are shared. Every police station has a group and appointed admins of the group are connected to larger groups.

Inspector Kalpana Jadhav from Pant Nagar Police station said, “As it takes time to learn things, it does so for unlearning as well. It will take around a year or so to settle with the new system, mistakes are bound to happen but we will have to navigate through, there is no alternative.”

Many police recruitment coaching institutes have taken initiatives to help out by creating exclusive video content on the new laws and providing it to POCs( Persons of contact) appointed by each police station. One inspector said that these institutes mainly do it for marketing purposes, but it is helpful nonetheless.


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Talking about changes in the new laws, a police officer said that the new laws focused on making procedure easier for victims. “The new statutes will reduce the cases of delay in filing of cases and also make it easier for complainants, as FIRs can now be filed irrespective of jurisdiction. Earlier, policemen would send the victim to the police station under whose jurisdiction the crime took place. But, now police will file a Zero FIR and transfer the matter to the concerned police station. “Previously, this used to be done only in cases of crime against women and children,” the officer said.

The new laws have made provisions for compulsory videography of crime scenes in cases of serious crimes. An officer pointed out that this new provision, in his opinion, may not go down well in certain procedural laws, such as the NDPS Act.

The new laws also have provisions for filing complaints online and electronic summons via SMS.

As per the new laws, if a suspect is aged over 60-years old or is handicapped, and needs to be arrested in a crime that has punishment of 3 years or less, then to effect arrest in such case, the investigating officer must secure prior permission from the Deputy superintendent of Police or an assistant commissioner of police rank officer.


While the soon to be obsolete Indian Penal Code had 511 sections, the new Bhartiya Nyay Sanhita has 358 sections.

Satyanarayan Chaudhary, Joint Commissioner of Police, Law and Order, Mumbai, said, “A large number of the police force has been covered under training. We would execute the new laws post midnight on Sunday. We will ensure that the new laws are implemented effectively and properly.”

Maharashtra Police ready to implement 3 new criminal laws from today (2024)


Maharashtra Police ready to implement 3 new criminal laws from today? ›

The new laws also have provisions for filing complaints online and electronic summons via SMS. The Maharashtra state police is all set to implement three new criminal laws; Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), Bhartiya Nagrik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), and Bharatiya Sakshya Act (BSA), from Monday July 1.

What are three new criminal laws in India? ›

Here comes a revolution in the justice system of India, with the arrival of three new criminal laws, namely, the Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita, the Bhartiya Nagrik Suraksha Sanhita, and the Bhartiya Sakshya Adhiniyam.

What are the new criminal laws in India in 2024? ›

On July 1, the new criminal laws—the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), and Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA)—replaced their older counterparts: the Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860, Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) 1974, and Indian Evidence Act (IEA) 1872, respectively.

What is the new law in India? ›

The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023 has replaced the Indian Penal Code, 1860; the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023 replaces the Indian Evidence Act, 1872; and the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, 2023 has been implemented in place of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1882.

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INTRODUCTION: The role of police in India is the maintenance of Law and Order and the prevention and detection of crime.

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The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), and the Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA) that will replace the colonial-era Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC), the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC), and the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (IEA), respectively, received President Droupadi ...

What is Indian criminal rule 4? ›

Rule 4.

If a defendant is detained in jail on a pending charge, a trial must be commenced no later than 180 days from the date the criminal charge against the defendant is filed, or from the date of arrest on such charge, whichever is later.

What is 77 law in India? ›

Nothing is an offence which is done by a Judge when acting judicially in the exercise of any power which is, or which in good faith he believes to be, given to him by law.

What is 44 law in India? ›

What is Article 44? Article 44 corresponds with Directive Principles of State Policy stating that State shall endeavour to provide for its citizens a uniform civil code (UCC) throughout the territory of India.

What is 37 law in India? ›

India Code: Section Details. When an offence is committed by means of several acts, whoever intentionally co-operates in the commission of that offence by doing any one of those acts, either singly or jointly with any other person, commits that offence.

What is the future of law in India? ›

The Indian legal sector has been multiplying in demand and job opportunities, making law a lucrative career choice. With a population of 1.3 billion, the legal industry has become one of the biggest in India. Law is one of India's most sought-after career paths, and there are many opportunities to pursue it.

What is 32 law in India? ›

Article 32 of the Indian Constitution of India confers the Right to Constitutional Remedies for the enforcement of the fundamental rights of an aggrieved citizen. It contains the following four provisions in this regard: The right to move to the Supreme Court for enforcement of Fundamental Rights is guaranteed.

What is the 1 law of India? ›

Articles 1 & 2

Article 1 of the constitution says that India, that is Bharat, shall be a union of states and the territory of India consists of that of the states, union territories specified in the First Schedule and other acquired territories.

Who can control police in India? ›

Police in India primarily belong to the State List of the Constitution and, therefore, Policing and various Police matters falls into the jurisdiction of the respective State Governments.

What are cops called in India? ›

Though most of us are aware that Police or Cop's in india are popularly known as police only, but in some states of india like Uttar Pradesh and Bihar people call Police with hindi name. A police inspector in Hindi is known as दरोगा daroga. And a police constable in Hindi is known as हवलदार hawaldaar.

Which state has the largest police force in India? ›

₹2,260 crore (US$270 million) (2021–22 est.) Uttar Pradesh Police is one of the oldest police departments in the Republic of India, and is the largest police force in the world, having about 68 district police department (excluding 7 commissionerates) in it.

What are the major criminal laws in India? ›

Bhartiya Nyay Sanhita vs IPC: India has enacted three new criminal laws, the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), and Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA), to modernize the criminal justice system.

What are the two laws of criminal justice system in India? ›

The new laws, Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS) 2023, Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS) 2023 and Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA) 2023 aim to modernise the criminal justice system, address contemporary challenges and streamline judicial processes.

What is the most common crimes in India? ›

Total crimes reported in India in 2024: 445.9 per 100,000 people. Common crimes in India: Theft ranks highest, followed by robbery and assault.

What are the three sources of law in India? ›

The primary sources of law are: Legislation. Customs. Judicial Precedents.

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